Growing Medicinal Herbs Page 3

By | April 4, 2014

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More Medicinal Herbs…


Marshmallow Althaea officinalis 

Herbaceous perennial. Sow seed in greenhouse in early spring, or direct seed to fertile garden bed. Transplant out to moist, sunny location when seedlings reach 2 inches. Prefers regular watering and makes a lot of biomass, both above the ground and below. The entire plant contains high-grade mucilage which stimulates phagocytosis, thereby enhancing immune function. The leaves and flowers, when dried, make a healing tea, very acceptable to those who are having difficulty swallowing liquids. It is soothing to throat and urinary tract.


Meadowsweet Spirea ulmaria 

Herbaceous perennial. Press seed into surface of flat in spring. Bottom water or mist gently. Waist high bushes with sweet golden inflorescence’s (2nd year) that taste like nectar. Wonderful plant, and the leaves in particular are anti-inflammatory and pain relieving. Does best in rich, moist soil with partial shade.


Milk Thistle Silybum Marianum 

Overwintering annual. Direct seed in late Summer or early Spring. This vigorous plant cultivates easily. It thrives in any ordinary soil. Allow 2 feet each way when thinning out the seedlings.Choose site carefully and keep it under control. Giant shiny leaves with white veins and purple thistles. Seed coat is rich in silymarin; unique hepato-protective agent useful for the liver.


Motherwort Leonurus cardiaca 

Herbaceous perennial. Start in flats, transplant out in spring or late summer. Harvest in early flower, at leat twice a season. Very useful heart tonic, calming nervine, emmenagogue and aperient. Handsome flower spikes, leaves deeply toothed.


Mullein Verbascum thapsus 

Biennial. Sow seed on surface of disturbed soil or on surface of flat. Compact down hard. Tolerates poor, gravelly soil and fierce sun. Used medicinally as tea or tincture for moistening mucous membranes and are therefore a great soothing agent for the throat, bronchi and lungs.


Nettle Urtica dioica 

Herbaceous perennial. Sow seed indoors late Winter early Spring, transplant in Spring after the last frost. Prefers either sun or shade and moist soil.Harvest in evening or early morning for highestessential oil content. A popular tea for its nutritional value. Be aware entire plant covered in stinging hairs which inject formic acid causing painful welts. Sauteed or steamed fresh spring herb, dried leaf have nutritive & medicinal uses.


Passionflower Passiflora incarnata 

Herbaceous or woody vine. Sow the seeds about 1/2 inch deep in good, moist potting soil in a wooden flat. Transplant in late Fall or early Spring. Plant 2 feet apart and trellis on the sunny side of a building or on a fence. Useful in treating insomnia and nervousness.


Peppermint Mentha piperita 

Perennial. Seed is easy to germinate, and will grow prolifically. Prefers full sun to part shade. Thrives best in a fairly warm, preferably moist climate, and in deep soils rich in humus. Mature plants can be easily divided and transplanted to 1 1/2 ft. apart. Folklore has it that planting mint near your front door bring protection and prosperity. Mint is excellent for making a stimulating and digestive tea, and it tastes great!


Plantain Plantago major 

Herbaceous perennial. Press into surface of soil and keep moist. Prefers cool soils for germ. Plants prefer sun or shade, a moist soil, are not particular about fertility, but given water and compost will attain very impressive size. Anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory. Particularly useful as a first-aid poultice and for dental infections


Red Clover Trifolium pratense 

Broadcast sown for growth as a ground cover or pasture for animal feed, after roughening up the ground to ensure the seeds come in direct contact with the dirt. Sow the seeds and granular fertilizer at the same time, then gently rake over the soil to cover the seeds. Water twice daily until the seeds sprout, then only if drought conditions exist. Harvest twice, each time just before flowering.


Rhubarb Rheum palmatum 

Herbaceous perennial. Rosemary loves the sun and heat. Best when started from a cutting, and although it can be grown outside for erosion control, as a hedge or cascading over a wall, in the yard where it will remain. It prefers crowded roots to being subjected to a move.


Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis 

A hardy perennial, rhubarb is best grown from root crowns, rather than seeds. Plant in a well-fertilized, weed-free spot. There’s a saying “don’t drown the rhubarb”, but if you do and it looks like you’ve killed it off, let it dry out, only watering when the soil is bone dry. It may surprise you and spring back to life.


Sage, White Ceremonial Salvia apiana 

Herbaceous perennial. Sow seeds in very sandy soil and water once daily. Bring indoors for winter, unless you live in a warm/mild climate. Loves a dry, sunny exposure. Burned ceremonially to cleanse the spirit and welcome positive thoughts.


Schisandra Schisandra chinensis 

Perennial woody vine. Soak berries overnight and remove seed from fruit before planting. Plant outdoors in fall or early spring. Likes a shady situation. Cold hardy. Used in Chinese medicine as an immune-enhancing herb.


Self Heal Prunella vulgaris 

Creeping herbaceous perennial. Sow seed in very early spring in a flat outdoors or give a short, cold and moist conditioning treatment before sowing in a warm place. The dried flowers make a pain-relieving, astringent tea to treat canker sores.


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Growing Herb Gardens with Children

You can find seeds for all these plants at Mountain Rose Herbs