Growing Medicinal Herbs Page 2

By | October 3, 2014

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More Medicinal Herbs… 

Chickweed Stelleria media

Annual spreading ground cover. Direct seed in rich soil in early spring or late summer. Spreading ground cover, flowering no higher than 1 foot. Harvest fresh for a wholesome, succulent and tasty salad green. Used daily, the herb will assist in weight reduction programs. Dried, it makes a worthwhile addition to any healing salve.


Comfrey Symphytum officinale

Comfrey grows well in almost any soil, with a strong tap root useful for breaking up clay. It’s easiest to propigate it from a root, although it can be started from seeds if you’re willing to wait two years for the plant to appear. It it no uncommon for it to grow up to five feet tall, and it often used as an ornamental plant.


Coriander Coriandrun sativum

Coriander (the seeds), also known as Cilantro (for the fresh leaves) likes well-drained soil. Directly seed, and cover to with a thin layer of soil. Avoid overwatering. Any shock, lack of water or sudden cold will cause it to bolt. As the leaves mature, harvest them to encourage the plant to continue to growing.


Dandelion Taraxacum offinalis

Herbaceous perennial. Native to and distributed throughout all temperate zones. Sow seed in flats in the spring,and transplant to rows in the garden. Space plants 1 foot apart, and keep well watered. Dandelion is a gentle liver tonic and diuretic.


Echinacea Echinacea angustifolia

Herbaceous perennial. Sow seed outdoors in very early spring or fall. Prefers full sun, with well drained, limey soil and regular watering. Beloved medicinal that is used for its immune enhancing properties. Do not over-water during growth cycle (roots can rot). This threatened species is being over-harvested in the wild.


Elecampane Inula helenium

Herbaceous perennial. Sow seed in greenhouse in early spring or sow directly in garden in mid-spring. Light-dependent germinator. Grows in full sun or partial shade. It grows well in moist, shady positions, in ordinary garden soil, though it flourishes best in a good, loamy soil, the ground being damp, but fairly well-drained. Cough and lung remedy, bitter and antiseptic. Elecampane has a strong activity against bronchial infection, pneumonia and debilitating, chronic cough.

 


Evening Primrose Oenethera biennis

Self-seeding biennial. Scatter seed on surface of disturbed soil in fall or early spring, or start on surface of flat and transplant. Seed requires exposure to light in order to germinate. Drought tolerant. Some women report alleviation of PMS by eating the plant and the seeds. The flowers especially make a tasty addition to salads.


Eyebright Herb Euphrasia officinalis

A semi-parasitic plant, it is difficult to grow from seed. The easiest way to plant it to plant a seedling, usually obtained from specialty herbgrowers. It likes grassy, non-tilled soil. Don’t plant in wet or boggy ground, but once planted, water when needed for the first few months, after that only if drought conditions exist.


Feverfew Tanacetum parthenium

Herbacious perennial, native to temperate zones of the world. Self-seeding and vigorous. Prefers full sun or partial shade. Fresh leaves are tonic to prevent migraines. Planting may be done in autumn, but the best time is about the end of April. Any ordinary good soil is suitable, but better results are obtained when well-drained, and of a stiff, loamy character, enriched with good manure.


Garlic Allium sativum

Garlic grows from the cloves, which are planted in a sunny location with well-drained soil, an inch deep and each clove four inches apart. They do well with other vegetables and herbs, especially cabbage, lettuce and beets. But don’t plant garlic near near beans or other legumes.


Hops Humulus lupulus

A perennial plant, hops is a seedless vine with female or male vines. While hardy and low maintenance, it is important to use an organic mulch of either tree bark or straw to keep invasive weeds down, while hold in moisture. It is important to train the hops to grow up a sturdy vine, but don’t wait to long to get it started, because hops can grow up to two feet a week.


Horehound Marrubium Vulgare

Sow the seeds, before they are three years old, in poor, dry soil, preferrably facing south. If you don’t want to be overrun by the plants, cut before seeds from they form and drop; otherwise it becomes a noxious invador and can take over pasture.


Hyssop Hyssopus officinalisWoody perennial. Seed is easy to germinate. Prefers full sun. This mildly anti-viral and expectorant herb makes an excellent tea to treat the common cold. May be propagated by seeds, sown in early spring, or by dividing the plants in spring and autumn, or by cuttings, made in spring and planted in a shady spot. Plants raised from seeds or cuttings, should, when large enough, be planted out about 1 foot apart each way, and kept watered till established. The plants require cutting in, occasionally, but do not need much further attention.


Ivy

English Ivy is just one of the varieties of ivy that grows almost with no work. However, it does prefer some to full sunlight, and while it will grow in clay soil, it does better in well-drained ground. It is an invasive plant and will grow up any thing, including a trellis.


Lavender Lavandula angustifolia

Woody perennial. Sow in flats and keep in partial shade, or sow dry seed in the fall or early spring in outdoor nursery beds. Transplant to pots or out to the garden after the slow-growing seedlings produce 4 or 5 leaves. Lavender prefers a moderate supply of nutrients, lime and a well-drained soil. Drought tolerant. Established plants make nice borders and hedges.


Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis

Herbaceous perennial, self seeding. Sow seed outdoors in Fall or very early Spring. Prefers full sun to partial shade.Thrives in normal garden soil and minimal water. Established plants can easily be divided and replanted. Plant 1.5 feet apart. Favorite tea herb for its aromatic & sedative uses. Mildly anti-viral.


Lemon Verbena Aloysia triphylla

Unless you live in a temperate climate, it is best to grow Lemon Verbena as an indoor plant, usually starting from a cutting or starter plant. It like heat and sunlight, but don’t let it dry out. If you grow it outside, cut it back and repot to bring inside for the winter.


Licorice Glycyrrhiza glabra

Licorice is most easily grown from a root cutting, although it is possible to grow it from seeds. If growing from seeds let them soak in water for 24 hours before putting them into a pot with a good potting soil. Don’t overwater or the seedling root will rot, although once the plant is established, after a year or two, it can better tolerate drought conditions.


Lobelia Lobelia inflata

Annual. Press tiny seed into surface of flat and water lightly. Water or mist, light dependent germinator. Prefers full sun to partial shade and lots of water. Useful anti-spasmotic & expectorant when combined with more soothing herbs. Use caution; one of its common names is puke weed.


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Growing Herb Gardens with ChildrenYou can find seeds for all these plants at Mountain Rose Herbs